By Dongqing Li
Covering all features of delivery phenomena at the nano- and micro-scale, the 800 entries comprise three hundred essay entries. The Encyclopedia provides an up to the moment examine the basics of the sector in addition to many experiments and purposes in growing to be parts akin to power units and bioengineering applications.
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Extra resources for Encyclopedia of Microfluidics and Nanofluidics
As shown in Fig. 1, charge relaxation can initially be described by an equivalent RC circuit, where the diffuse layers act as capacitors, connected to “current-tube” resistors of varying length through the bulk solution. Since the resistance is smaller (and the field larger) near the gap, the inner portions of double layers on the electrodes charge more quickly than the outer portions. As shown in Fig. 2, this causes ICEO flow to occur, directed outward from the gap, only when the electrodes are partially screened, as the tangential field from the unscreened outer portions acts on induced charge on the inner portions.
Another nDEP trap is illustrated in Fig. 4b. The electric field is applied from the trapping electrode to the receiving electrode strip. A particle is trapped within the generated null inside the “boxed” electrode geometry. These previous geometries will trap a particle near the surface of the substrate. Electrodes, though, can be arranged three dimensionally to create traps that capture particles and cells in suspension. One example is a nDEP trap using two stacked quadrupole geometries, resulting in an octopole trap (Fig.
These are just a few examples of established trapping geometries, as others could be designed to suit a particular trapping application. There are numerous trap geometries that exist for both pDEP and nDEP. These electrode A A 6 AC Dielectrophoresis Lab-on-Chip Devices Electrode-Based Systems Microsystems have incorporated dielectrophoretic forces into microchannels to manipulate particles and cells with various electrode geometries. Electrodes can be used to align target cells or separate particulate cells from the rest of the sample, an example of which is illustrated in Fig.