By J. P. Droop
J. P. suspend (1882-1963) used to be a classical box archaeologist. After graduating from Trinity university, Cambridge, in 1904 he labored as a box archaeologist for the British institution at Athens, and was once appointed Chair of Classical Archaeology at Liverpool college in 1914. This quantity used to be meant as a advisor to functional archaeological excavation and was once first released in 1915 as a part of the Cambridge Archaeological and Ethnological sequence. on the time of booklet, archaeology used to be commencing to turn into a extra medical and educational self-discipline, as might be visible in Droop's arguments at the value of archaeological context and information of stratification on web site. the improvement of excavation as a scientifically established perform is proven through the emphasis on making plans of the location, not like prior publications to excavation. This quantity presents insights into the advance of the speculation in addition to the perform of archaeology.
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Additional resources for Archaeological Excavation
The question of breakages is very delicate. There is naturally a strong desire to keep them down and to eliminate all unnecessary smashes, but in practice it is not found advisable to punish such or even to give severe reprimands, for such unpleasantness gives the workman strong reason to suppress in future all traces of his victim—a far worse evil. Rather to be recommended is an appeal to the man's better nature, supported by what is perhaps still more effective, a reduction but not complete suppression of the tip, when the object is such as would naturally produce one.
Then in the first process it is covered with wet paper and plaster not mixed too thin is poured over and round it. When the plaster has set, it is generally possible to cut the object loose from beneath without breaking it, as the support above prevents the usual upheaval. After removal, the lower surface of the object should be cleaned and also supported by plaster, after which the upper plaster can be removed and the upper surface cleaned. By this means the object is never unsupported during the process of cleaning.
Water however will always dissolve seccotine, so that in a damp climate its use is impossible; indeed I once knew a vase mended with it experimentally fall to pieces from the damp atmosphere after three wet days. Like shellac it has the advantage that it takes up no appreciable space, allowing a very close join, which is not the case with the porcelain cements. In Egypt I have seen limestone Stelae with a surface very near disintegration treated with a thin solution of tapioca with excellent results, but I have never seen stone with the same tendency to powder in a less dry climate.