This wide-ranging presentation of utilized superconductivity, from basics and fabrics correct as much as the main points of many functions, is a necessary reference for physicists and engineers in educational learn in addition to in industry.
Readers searching for a accomplished evaluation on easy results relating to superconductivity and superconducting fabrics will extend their wisdom and figuring out of either high and low Tc superconductors with appreciate to their program. know-how, practise and characterization are lined for bulk, unmarried crystals, thins fi lms in addition to digital units, wires and tapes.
The major good thing about this paintings lies in its vast insurance of important purposes in magnets, strength engineering, electronics, sensors and quantum metrology. The reader will locate details on superconducting magnets for varied purposes like particle physics, fusion study, medication, and biomagnetism in addition to fabrics processing. SQUIDs and their utilization in drugs or geophysics are
thoroughly coated, as are superconducting radiation and particle detectors, facets on superconductor electronic electronics, prime readers to quantum computing and new units.
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Extra info for Applied Superconductivity: Handbook on Devices and Applications
1) represents the so-called ﬂuxoid quantization. The integral has to be taken along some closed contour inside the superconductor and Φ is magnetic ﬂux penetrating this contour. 2) is the London penetration depth (q: charge; m: particle mass; ns : particle density; ????0 : permeability) and js is the super-current density. In many cases, the super-current density and, hence, the path integral on the right-hand side of Eq. 1) is negligibly small. This happens in particular if we deal with a thick-walled superconducting cylinder or with a ring made of a type-I superconductor.
Applied Superconductivity: Handbook on Devices and Applications, First Edition. Edited by Paul Seidel. © 2015 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. Published 2015 by Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. 2 1 Fundamentals the resistance would approach zero value at very low temperatures, was suggested by the strong decrease with decreasing temperature. Initially, Kamerlingh-Onnes studied platinum and gold samples, since at that time he could obtain these metals already with high purity. He found that during the approach of zero temperature the electric resistance of his samples reached a ﬁnite limiting value, the so-called residual resistance, a behavior corresponding to the second possibility discussed above.
6079, succ. A. Via delle Terre Rosse 30 16133 Genova Italy List of Contributors Wolfgang Vodel Stuart C. Wimbush Friedrich Schiller University Jena Institute of Solid State Physics Helmholtzweg 5 D-07743 Jena Germany Victoria University of Wellington Robinson Research Institute PO Box 600 69 Graceﬁeld Road Lower Hutt 5010 Wellington 6140 New Zealand and Helmholtz Institute Jena Fröbelstieg 3 D-07743 Jena Germany Huabing Wang National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) Superconducting Properties Unit 1-2-1 Sengen Tsukuba 3050047 Japan Martin Weides Karlsruher Institut für Technologie Physikalisches Institut Wolfgang-Gaede-Straße 1 D-76131 Karlsruhe Germany Frank N.