By University John Buckler
This e-book covers the political, diplomatic, and armed forces heritage of the Aegean Greeks of the fourth century BC, elevating new questions and delving into outdated disputes and controversies. It comprises their strength struggles, the Persian involvement of their affairs, and the last word Macedonian overcome Greece. It bargains with the political thought of federalism and its kin to the right of the polis. the quantity concludes with the triumph of Macedonian monarchy over the polis.
In facing the nice public problems with fourth-century Greece, the method of them contains a blend of resources. the standard literary and archaeological details varieties the basic origin for the topographical exam of each significant web site pointed out within the textual content. Numismatic facts likewise unearths its position right here.
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Extra resources for Aegean Greece in the Fourth Century Bc
Nik. 4. Klearchos: Thuc. 3. S. Alessandri, in W. Haase and H. 15 (Berlin-New York 1985) 1081–1093; S. Hodkinson, Property and Wealth in Classical Sparta (London 2000) 154–176. 14 Diod. 2; Plut. Lyk. 1; Lys. 1; Mor. -Plato Eryxias 400A–B; Polyb. 49. S. Hodkinson in A. Powell and S. Hodkinson, The Shadow of Sparta (London and New York 1994) 195–201; idem, in P. Carlier, Le IV e siècle av. -C. (Paris 1996) 93–96; idem, Property and Wealth in Classical Sparta, 151–186. 15 It is instructive that Agesilaos would later go to great lengths to refuse personal gifts.
The Spartans could not tolerate any disruption of this all-weather route across central Greece. Herippidas overwhelmed the Oitians, and expelled them from their land. The Spartans had thereby reasserted their strength along these strategic routes. Herakleia Trachinia could again be used as a naval base against Athenian commerce, and it together with Oite secured an easy route into the Kephisos valley through Doris and Phokis into western Boiotia. 10 By 399, then, Sparta had secured a commanding position on mainland Greece.
This Spartan realm also enjoyed easy lines of communication that spanned the coastline of Asia Minor. They formed a simple and strategically eﬀective network that stretched from Byzantion in the north through Lesbos, Chios, Ephesos, Samos, Miletos, and Kos to Rhodes in the south. These places also received the support of the many friendly cities and harbors on the coast along the way. From these bases a naval power had the reasonable hope and opportunity to dominate the littoral. An additional factor in Spartan favor was the fear held by these cities of both Athens and Persia.