By Enrico G. Beltrametti, Jean-Marc Lévy-Leblond
Creation; E. Beltrametti, J.M. LévyLeblond.GeneralReviews: Experiments with unmarried Atoms in Cavities and Traps; H.Walther. Experiments with unmarried Atoms, Molecules, or Photons; S.Haroche. Quantum results with Ultracold Atoms; Y. Castin, et al. move of unmarried Electrons and unmarried Cooper Pairs in metal Nanostructures; M.H. Devoret, et al. Interferometry with debris of Nonzero relaxation Mass: Topological Experiments; G.L. Opat. Achievements in Neutron Interferometry; H. Rauch. Electron Interferometry and Holography; A. Tonomura. Quantum Phenomena and Their functions in Semiconductor Microstructures; F. Capasso.Specific Topics: Quantum Fluctuations and Superconductivity; R. Fazio, A. Tagliacozzo. Spontaneous Localization and Superconductivity; A. Rimini. Photon-Photon Correlations from unmarried Atoms; M.O. Scully. Einstein Causality in Interatom Microcavity-confined Transverse Quantum Correlations; F. De Martini, M. Giangrasso. 3 reviews at the Aharonov-Bohm impact; M. Berry. protecting Measurements; Y. Aharonov,L. Vaidman. vulnerable Measurements; L. Vaidman. eight extra articles. Index.
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The cavity mode frequency is slightly detuned from the n=51~ n=50 Rydberg state transition, so that no energy exchange can occur between the atoms and the cavity field mode. The cavity C is sandwiched between two auxiliary cavities R1 and R2 fed by an auxiliary tunable microwave source (not shown), in which the atoms undergo n/2 microwave pulses admixing the n=51 and n =50 circular 40 Rydberg states. After interacting with RI, C and R2, the atoms are detected by the field ionization detector D, which counts them in the n=51 and n= 50 levels, allowing us to measure the transition probability between these states which is induced by the separated oscillatory fields in Rl and R2.
These phenomena can indeed be observed on untrapped atoms (the first photon antibunching experiment has been performed on an atomic beam27 ), but the trap configuration which allows one to observe a single particle for a long time is very convenient to study these effects. N -01 0-, -20 ..... I o 20 TIME (nS) Figure 4. Photon correlation fluorescence signal g(2)(t) from a single Mg ion driven by a resonant laser field in a Paul trap. The antibunching effect around t = 0 is observed. Traces a to d correspond to decreasing laser field intensities.
Walther, K. P. Schleich, Calculation of the micromaser spectrum 1. Green's-function approach and approximate analytical techniques, Phys. Rev. A48:803 (1993); K. Vogel, WP. Schleich, MO. Scully, H. Walther, Calculation of the micromaser spectrum II. Eigenvalue approach, Phys. Rev. A48813 (1993). 24. 1. D. Scully and H. Walther, Quantum theory of the micromaser: symmetry breaking via off-diagonal atomic injection, Phys. Rev. A34:2032 (1986) 25. R1. Brecha, A. Peters, C. Wagner, H. Walther, Micromaser and separated-oscillatoryfield measurements, Phys.