By David F. Burg
An international heritage of Tax Rebellions is an exhaustive reference resource for over 4,300 years of riots, rebellions, protests, and conflict prompted by way of abusive taxation and tax gathering structures world wide. all the chronologically prepared entries makes a speciality of a selected historic occasion, examining its roots, and socio-economic context.
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Additional info for A world history of tax rebellions
The Reformist scholars (Literati) involved in the debate asserted: “The tithe collected for the lord came [from nothing] but the labor of the people. The government thus shared with the people in the good as well as the bad crops. It would not get more when the people had less, nor would it get less when the people had more. Hence it is said that the tithe was the most proper and just measure for the whole empire. But now, though the farmers are taxed merely one-thirtieth, the rate is based upon acreage.
Becker (Florence in Transition, vol. ” The guildsmen then used the returns from the gabelles (often revenues from taxes on foods and other necessities) as security for new forced loans (prestanze) that affluent patricians would make to the treasury, so that the patricians became holders of public obligations returning rates of 10 to 15 percent annually. The patricians, in their turn, perpetuated the tax exemptions for the guilds and rejected tax levies on wool and other raw materials needed for manufacturing.
Flight also had major impact on the Roman magisterial class, according to Susan Raven. Since senators were exempt from taxes, the burden of collection fell upon the middle classes, which provided the magistrates, a class known as the curiales, for the cities. Being a member of the curiales had been considered an honor for which citizens happily paid entrance fees and annual fees, but as early as the second century AD the curiales’ status had become both an obligation and a burden. At that time Emperor Trajan was forced to appoint procurators to supervise tax collection in the cities.